How to Make Great IoT Projects using Arduino?

IoT is one of the most modern technologies which is transforming the electronics industry as we see nowadays. Internet of things, or IoT for short, is nothing but the extension of the power of the internet beyond smartphones and computers to the wide range of other things across nature or environment. IoT which is a simple technology but a powerful technology integrates the devices onto the cloud. The collected data from these devices will be sent into the clouds for storage and other analysis.

Arduino is an open-source programmable circuit that can be integrated into a wide variety of electronic projects. Arduino contains a microcontroller that is treated as the hardware part and IDE (Integrated Development Environment) is considered as the software part. The microcontroller is programmed so that it can sense the objects and control them in the physical world. IDE will help you in writing the computer code and uploading it to the board. 

Read What is Arduino? To know more about it.

How Arduino and the Internet of Things are Related?

Arduino is a platform through which you can build up your projects using electronics. IoT is a way of using electronics to make electronic modules talk to each other wirelessly and remotely by using a cloud. 

The two ways in which Arduino can be helpful to you in building up the IoT projects are as follows:
  1. By using the Arduino boards and connecting communication breakout modules like Wifi, nRF Bluetooth, GSM, etc to them.
  2. Using Arduino boards along with communication modules like Wifi enabled and nodeMCU.

Parameters for Good Projects:

1) Selection of project: This plays an important role. The best implementation of the project depends on the domain of the project we do select.

2) Fixing the capacity of the project: This includes the domains you are interested in linking to the project to make it more efficient.

3) Process description and flow chart: helps you in analyzing the overall project in a better way by which explaining to the viewers also becomes easier.

4) Material flow chart (Technical): this includes the overall components that are required in order to make the project. Circuit diagrams will help us in analyzing the errors and rectification can be done easily.

5) Integration: Connecting all the required components is one of the major parts. Which includes writing code, connecting the devices to the servers, etc.

6) Testing: After integrating all the components the client has to check whether it is functioning properly or not.

7) Advancement in technology: with the help of the mentors one can improve the technology used such that usage of new technology will be upgraded.

8) Statistics: Statistics are to be made out of the project. Which includes the overall budget, real-time implementation cost, expenses, etc.

9) Real-time implementation: Implementation according to the real-time can also be done for the project.

Best Websites for References:


The Best IoT Projects Using the Arduino Platform:

1) Weathering monitoring system using IoT: 

As the temperature readings are touching new heights, many of the environmentalists and nature enthusiasts are in search of a device that can read the temperature differences in online. This problem can be solved in an innovative manner through IoT. This project will have a DHT (Digital Humidity Temperature) which detects the humidity and temperature differences and sends the collected data to the Arduino UNO. All the data which is collected by the microcontroller will be sent to the cloud with the help of a wifi module named ESP-8266. The user can see the collected data and can analyze it from anywhere of the Earth. 

2) Automated street lighting system using IoT: 

Through this project, the automated street lighting system will be developed based on the sunlight intensity. This will result in lots of power save. It also maintains the efficiency of the street lights. This project will facilitate the on and off of the switch based on the light intensity. This light intensity will always be monitored by LDR (Light Dependent Resistor) sensor. The data will be collected and sent to the microcontroller and also to the cloud so that it can give information about the analysis of energy consumption.

3) Smart building system using IoT and PIR: 

Through this IoT project, the electronic device which is developed will be able to facilitate the on and off of the switch based on the number of people or occupants present in the room. This system will also record the number of occupants present in the room and sends the collected data to the cloud, which can be used for further analysis. This IoT based project will provide you a flexibility to make changes in this project and can be further modified to perform other functions like child monitoring systems, theft monitoring systems, etc.

4) Smart water monitoring system using IoT: 

With the rise of urbanization, the municipalities are finding difficulty in supplying the water and in managing the water consumption. To detect the water flow in the pipes, the developed system uses a water flow sensor. The collected data will be sent to the microcontroller (Arduino). The Arduino sends the data further to the cloud with the help of wifi module. The collected data about water consumption can be analyzed by the user from anywhere on Earth.

5) Smart irrigation system using IoT: 

Implementing efficient irrigation will be one of the toughest processes in farming technology. This IoT based project detects the soil moisture content using a soil moisture sensor. The collected data will be sent to the Arduino. The Arduino then processes the data collected. It also facilitates the on and off of the switch of water pump accordingly to the moisture content present in the soil reaches the required value. The collected data will also be sent to the cloud server with the help of a wifi module named ESP-8266 to get a clear analysis. The user will be able to access the data analysis from any part of the Earth.

We hope the information shared above is useful and these ideas would be helpful for you. Let us know if you have any queries or would like to share your thoughts in the comments below.